Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) are government run training institutes that offer training in various technical streams. ITI was established by Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labor & Employment, Government of India. The sole aim of an ITI training institute is to provide technical manpower to the fast emerging industrial sector of the developed and the developing economy.
ITI provides technical knowledge or industrial training in various trades. ITI courses include both engineering and non-engineering programs. ITI courses are meant for candidates who have at least passed their 5th std examinations and who wish to acquire some technical knowledge instead of going for conventional higher studies.
Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) was started in 1950 by the Ministry of Labor, Government of India by establishing about 50 industrial training institutes in the country. The main objective of introducing the same was to provide semi-skilled / skilled workers to industries by providing systematic training to school drop-outs. It also aims at reducing unemployment among educated youths by offering them the necessary skills for employment in various industries. Some of the trades in craftsmen training program are architectural assistant, electrician, fitter, goldsmith, firemen, finance executive, firemen, data entry operator etc.
This particular training scheme is meant for upgrading the standard of engineering trades in ITI. Introduction of state-of-the-art technology, honing the skills of the workforce so as to match with the international standard and introducing new and improved syllabi are the main features of this particular training scheme. IT & electronics, electrician & wiremen, fitter group and draftsman mechanic are some of the trades that this scheme covers.
Apprenticeship was introduced in ITI in order to regulate the course of training of apprentices in the industry so that it conforms to the syllabi and the period of training. It is also aimed at providing practical training with a view to meet the requirement of skilled manpower for various industries.
Some of the trades included in apprenticeship program are accountancy and auditing, banking, food preservation, dairying, nursing, sericulture, agriculture, plant protection, inland fisheries, photography, physical education etc.
Advance vocational training scheme was introduced in 1977 in order to update the skills of the serving industrial workers so that their skills are in tune with the changing industrial scenario. Under this particular scheme, short term training (1-6 weeks) in some trades is being provided. Some training programs are designed to suit the specific requirements of industrial establishments.
Advanced tool & die making, advanced welding, advanced refrigerate air conditioning, electrical maintenance, electronics maintenance, heat engines, hydraulics & pneumatic, induction to engineering technology, industrial chemistry, machine tool maintenance etc. are some of the training programs included in this vocational course.
This training program is meant for providing training to women in various fields like craftsmanship, apprenticeship etc. Its main objective is to provide training at advance level for industrial workers, supervisors, foremen etc.
Besides, it also lays down certain policies and standards of training for conducting various trade tests, awarding certificates and preparing training curriculum.
National Vocational Training Institute Noida