Career in Astronomy

Astronomy is a combination of various disciplines like, physics, mechanical engineering, material science, chemistry, biology, medicine, psychology, computer science and other fields of scientific knowledge. Moreover, students who want to opt for a career in astronomy should bear in mind that it is a career that requires hours and hours of research. If you want to opt for a career in astronomy, you need to know the various branches of the same. The various branches of astronomy are-

Astrochemistry– It deals with chemical elements found in outer space and their relations.

Astrobiology is the study of the possibilities of life beyond the earth’s atmosphere and on other planets. Optical astronomy and Radio astronomy deal with optical and radio bands respectively.

Astrogeology- It studies the structure and composition of all solid materials in the outer space, including planets, stars, satellites, comets, asteroids and meteorites.

Astromestrology – It deals with the theoretical effects of heavenly objects and forces on the earth’s atmosphere.

Astrometry– It deals with the accurate measurement of the positions and motions of the celestial bodies.

Physics throws light on the evolution of the universe and mathematical calculations help in forecasting its development. Besides, the present IT revolution acts as a catalyst in space exploration and related technology.  

A Career in astronomy requires the knowledge of the above-mentioned branches and you can do specialization in any of these streams in astronomy.


If you want to opt for a career in astronomy, you need to have a good aptitude, a scientific bent of mind and the zeal to explore.

A career in astronomy also requires a sound knowledge of physics, mathematics and engineering techniques in general. Students generally require a BE or B.Sc degree in physics / electronics, etc.

If you want to opt for theoretical astronomy, you can pursue a bachelor’s in science in physics and / or mathematics. If it is experimental astronomy that you are interested in, you can opt for a Bachelor’s in Engineering in electrical / electronics / electrical communication, after ten plus two. Therefore, a career in astronomy has a lot of scope.

Those who want to opt for a career in astronomy should be aware of Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST), which is the selection test for those who want to pursue a PhD in physics, including theoretical and observational astronomy, astrophysics, atmospheric and space science and other related subjects.