We are living in a virtual sea full of microorganism invisible to naked eye and are under continuous attack from them. While some of the organism benefits us, most of them don't. Instead, they try day and night to inflict diseases on us. That's not all. Some anti social elements use them to start a biological warfare. Would you like to save mankind from their attack?
Various species of microorganism like bacteria, virus, fungus, and ameba exist in trillion of numbers. Study of these microorganisms, vis-à-vis, their life cycle and nature is a specialised science called Microbiology.
Microbiologists are involved in extensive research to understand the physiology of microorganisms and the cause and development of microbial diseases in plants and animals.
Microbiologists study disease causing microorganism as well as beneficial microorganism. They research the physiology and genetic profile of microorganism, determine their life cycle, how do they cause diseases, and how to prevent and cure the diseases. They are also involved in researching plant and animal diseases and identifying microorganism responsible for the diseases. They also identify and research medicines that may cure and prevent the diseases.
Microorganisms also benefit plant and animal lives and there are quite a large number of them. Researching and studying their life cycles, physiology, and genetic profile are also the responsibilities of microbiologists. They research newer ways in which these beneficial microorganisms can be used for development of drugs, production of enzymes, food processing and toxic waste disposal.
Microbiologists generally work in laboratories of university departments, research and development organisations, government organisations in the health sector, hospitals, and various industries like food processing, pharmaceutical, agricultural, beverage, biomedical, bioprocess, diagnostic industry and other related industries. Most of the laboratories are air-conditioned and the environment inside the laboratories are aseptic (free of microorganism).
In university departments, you will work as faculty member (Lecturer, Reader, or Professor), as a Research Assistant or Research Scholar. In various research organisations, one begins as a research assistant, research scholar, or junior scientist and then goes on to become Senior Scientist, Principle Scientist, Project Director or Programme Director. The pinnacle of your
career will be either as the Principle/ Head of the department in a university or college or as the Director of a research organisation.
In industries, you may find work in research and development, analytical, or production departments. Some of the microbiologists work in marketing department of companies involved in diagnostic, food processing, pharmaceutical, and agricultural industries. Many of the microbiologists are involved in quality control of food products and drugs.