I am a first year computer (diploma) student. I want more information about what types of programming languages are used to operate hardware (electronic device/machine)? What types of courses are related to those?
It is not feasible to give you all the programming languages that are used to electronic devices or machines. There are many types of devices run by programmes written in a particular language. Unless we know what kind of electronic device/machine you are talking about, it is difficult for us to give you the answer. In computers alone, there are a large number of programming languages like C, C++, COBOL, SQL, Java, VB, VB++, HTML, DHTML, XML, Perl and so on.