Coast Guard Career Information
What a Coast Guard does
The Maritime Zones of India Act was passed on 25 August 1976. Under this Act, India claimed 2.8 million sq km of sea area in which she has the exclusive rights for exploration and exploitation of resources, both living and non-living at sea.
The Coast Guard in its present shape was formally inaugurated on 18 Aug 1978 as an independent armed force of the union with the enactment of the Coast Guard Act 1978. Though an offshoot of the Navy, they are an independent organisation. Their motto is 'Vayam Rakshamah' which means 'We Protect.'
The role of the coast guard is to protect India's ocean and offshore wealth including oil, fish and minerals. The Coast Guards are responsible for the security of the oilrigs and also to ensure that no illegal mining or fishing is carried out in Indian waters.
The Coast Guards enforce the maritime laws and assist the customs and police forces in apprehending smugglers at sea. Vessels plying on Indian waters report their position at least twice a day to the nearest coastguard vessel. Apart from their regular duties, the coast guard also conducts various tests like checking the pollution level and marine life.
In peacetime the Coast Guards supervise and conduct round-the-clock surveillance of India's waters upto 200 nautical miles into the sea. There are also a number of smaller duties such as helping boats that are lost at sea, warning other vessels during bad weather, etc.
The Indian Coast Guard is the National Maritime Search and Rescue Co-ordinating Authority for executing and coordinating search and rescue missions. This is done using multi-mission stations located along the coastline, Coast Guard ships and Coast Guard aircraft all of which are linked by an extensive communication network.
The Coast Guards are split into three branches:
• General Duty Branch
• General Duty Branch (Pilot/ Navigator)
• Technical Branch
General Duty Branch This is the operational branch of the Coast Guard. As a General Duty Officer you will operate weapons and sensors and perform the command function, which demands a wide sphere of knowledge of your equipment. The safety of your ship and men, the maneuver of your ships will be your responsibility.
General Duty Branch (Pilot/ Navigator) This branch operates aircraft like the Dornier from air stations for surveillance purposes. In addition, helicopters also operate from Coast Guard Vessels to provide local surveillance and perform search and rescue missions at sea. You will pilot and navigate these aircrafts day and night and in all weather conditions.
Technical Branch Modern ships and aircrafts are abound with advanced technology and machinery. In the technical branch you will be responsible for the up keep all these equipments. You can also work on shore jobs in Coast Guard repair organisations.
As a Coast Guard you will be on the ship most of the time. When you are not busy chasing criminals or saving lives you will be catching up with a lot of paper work. This is only till the time you get some information about a criminal activity on Indian waters.
Being the vigilant Coast Guard you are immediately on your way in an interceptor speedboat, or a helicopter or even a hovercraft!
Recreation comes in the form of indoor games, books and music. As a Coast Guard you get to travel along the entire coast of India and even visit a few neighbouring countries. Life is calm and follows a routine. That is till you receive an SOS to rescue!
The recruitment of Asst. Commandants is conducted bi-annually through advertisements in leading national newspapers. The short listed candidates are called for Preliminary Selection Board (PSB) as per their choice centres at Mumbai, Chennai, Calcutta and Delhi. This selection procedure consists of a Mental Ability Test and interview. The candidates who clear the PSB are called for Final Selection Board (FSB) at New Delhi. The candidates subject to medical fitness are selected as per merit list.
Basic training is imparted at Naval Academy, Goa for 20 weeks. This is followed by afloat training on board a Coast Guard Ship for 36 weeks. The technical courses are held at various naval schools over the next 48 weeks and the training ends with watch-keeping on board Coast Guard Ships for a period of 24 weeks.
After this you would be commissioned as an Assistant Commandant and serve on board any of the coast guard ships, patrol boats or interceptor craft.
Career Prospects The promotion prospects are good in this wing of the armed forces. An Assistant Commandant on completion of 6 years of service becomes a Deputy Commandant.
After 2 years of service as DC you will be promoted as Commandant. After eight years as Deputy Commandant you pick up the rank of DIG and thereafter IG in another six years.
While working with the Coast Guard, you can take numerous postgraduate courses in engineering, search and rescue operation, pollution control, computers, etc.
You can utilize these skills after you come out of the service in the private sector.
Abilities & Traits Required
• Spirit of adventure
• Interest in outdoor life
• Ability to think clearly in a crisis
• Good leadership skills
• Above average intelligence
• Courage and a sense of responsibility
• Ability to handle stressful situations
As on 1st July of the year of Recruitment for a Coast Guard
Name Of Post: Assistant Commandant Branch: General Duty Age:21-25 years of years (5 years relaxation for SC/ST and 3 years for OBC men/women) Educational Qualification: Degree with Mathematics and Physics as subject upto intermediate or class XII of 10+2+3 scheme Physical Standard: Height 157, weight 45 kgs, eye sight 6/6 & 6/9 without glasses
Name Of Post:Assistant Commandant Branch: General Duty (Pilot/Navigator) Age:19-27 years (5 years relaxation for SC/ST and 3 years for OBC) Educational Qualification: 12th class in 10+2 scheme or equivalent possessing a commercial pilot licence or B.Sc. with Physics and Mathematics Physical Standard: Height min. 162 cms max 198 cm, leg length Min 99 cms, weight 91 kg (Max), eye sight 6/6 without glasses
Name Of Post:Assistant Commandant Branch: Technical Branch Age:21-30 years (5 years relaxation for SC/ST and 3 years for OBC) Educational Qualification: Degree in Naval Architecture/ Mechanical/ Electrical/ Electronics/ Marine/ Design Engineering Physical Standard:Height 157 cm weight proportionate to height, eye sight 6/12 and 6/36
Here's the pay structure for the coast guards as per the ranks:
• Asst Comdt Rs 8000-13500
• Dy. Comdt Rs 10,000-15200
• Comdt. Rs 14300-18300
• Deputy Inspector General Rs 16400-20000
• Inspector General Rs 18400-22400
• Director General Rs 22400-24500
In addition as a coast guard you will also be entitled to paid annual leave, medical facilities, and leave travel concession like in any other armed service wing.