Dairy Technologist and Poultry Supervisor Career Information
What a Dairy Technologist and Poultry Supervisor does
We also get various types of milk like whole milk, double toned milk, toned milk, skimmed milk, etc. Milk is also processed to produce various products like yoghurt, butter, ghee, ice-cream, etc. This production process requires engineers for the maintenance of processing plants and dairy technologists for overseeing the processing of milk products.
A Dairy technologist’s work mainly involves procuring milk from rural dairy farmers or supervising large dairies and monitoring the procurement and collection process. Marketing of the dairy products is handled by marketing and sales professionals.
Poultry farming encompasses the breeding and rearing of chicken, feed formulation, feed substitutes/additives and prevention and control of diseases. It also involves the overall management of the farm including finance and marketing functions.
Dairy Technologists are needed to run these ultra modern firms that process milk in semi automatic or fully automatic systems. They also man the analytical and quality control laboratories. There is even scope to branch into marketing.
The dairy industry can be split into two broad categories viz. production and processing. Milk production involves collection of milk for which breeding and rearing of high yielding cattle is involved. The Procurement Officer carries out this procurement or collection of milk from various sources.
You will also be required to come up with ways to utilise waste products and produce better products with increased shelf-life for human consumption. You will check the quality and packaging as well. Organising the distribution of products and maintaining records will keep you busy.
Dairy Technologists also work as milk procurement officers. In the processing industry, you could work as a consultant or as an Engineer and look after plant maintenance, fabrication, equipment, plant design and project execution.
Different types of poultry farms cater to different segments of the market. Breeding farms are set up for the sole purpose of hatching and raising poultry for sale to other farmers. The farmers who buy poultry from these farms set up broiler farms. Broiler chickens are reared just for their meat.
The common practise is to procure day-old chicks, keep them for six weeks and market them. During the time that they are in the farm, their feeding, supplements, etc. is closely monitored. Another type of poultry farm is layer farm, where the chicken is raised only for egg production. In breeding farm or hatchery the work will involve procurement of eggs, ensuring proper conditions for hatching, etc.
Feeding is an important aspect of the work at the farm. The birds need a balanced diet in the right quantity for a disease-free growth. So the feed should be specially formulated keeping various factors in mind. This, in fact, is such a specialised area that large corporate houses are now manufacturing animal feed. A lot of planning and research goes into the manufacture of animal feed, to suit specific areas and ensure optimal production.
Another important aspect of poultry farms is disease control. Adequate precautions need to be taken to keep diseases at bay. You will have to be well informed about vaccines, deficiencies and how to counteract them, basic hygiene, etc.
Ensuring adequate water supply and the right amount of feed supply to the birds, keeping a lookout for any sick bird, etc. are all a part of the daily work which goes on in a poultry farm.
You could specialise in areas like vaccinations, artificial insemination, research on feed formulation, use of feed additives, even managing the amount of light the birds are exposed to, etc. Once you graduate to being in charge of quality control, you have pressures like maintaining quality standards of perishable items.
Opportunities in poultry farming are far too many. You could start off working in a large poultry farm or hatchery. After gaining enough experience, you could start out on your own.
Dairy Technologists find employment opportunities in public and privately managed dairy farms, co-operatives, rural banks, milk products processing and manufacturing industries. They work in quality control departments and in biotechnological research labs.
Jobs are available in major national and multinational organisations manufacturing milk products like Amul, Nestle etc.
Graduates in poultry farming find employment in large poultry farms, breeding farms, laboratories working on feed formulation and analysis, pharmaceutical firms and in large scale marketing divisions of poultry products.
Many graduates also set up their own venture like small-scale milk plants, creameries, ice-cream units, etc. Teaching and research is another option that you can milk for all that it is worth.
Animal feed is a very specialised area and people trained in poultry farming can find employment with companies engaged in the manufacture of animal feeds. Here you will oversee manufacture and also act as consultant to farmers.
Feed analysis laboratories also require your services as also veterinary hospitals and pharmaceutical concerns. You also have technical consultant outfits that are known to provide consultancy services to various hi-tech dairy farms.
The growing consciousness among people for protein rich food has given a much-needed boost to the dairy industry. Preservation of milk is an area of specialisation, where dairy technologists need to come out with new ideas every day. Dairy and poultry industries now-a-days are much more organised and centralised. There are many co-operative dairies and poultry firms.
Both the private and public sector have openings for those who specialise in Dairy Technology. In the area of processed dairy products, specialists like dairy technologists are always in demand.
The emergence and popularisation of an urban lifestyle has also led to an ever-increasing demand for poultry products. Hence the potential in this field is tremendous. There are new avenues in the processed food industry.
The going might be tough initially. Managing on a stipend you will have to work long hours in remote areas. The risk factor for a poultry farmer is also high. Out breaks of diseases can completely ruin your business. It is safe to say that it is not for the faint hearted.
Abilities & Traits Required
For a successful career in this field you need to have a scientific temper. This job calls for fieldwork. So you have to have good stamina. Strong management skills are some other requirements.
A Dairy Technologist needs to have sound understanding of the principles of Bacteriology, Chemistry, Physics, Engineering and Economics too.
The study of Dairy Technology involves Dairy Engineering (applied to production processes), Dairy Chemistry dealing with composition of products, etc.
You can do a BTech in Dairy Technology or BSc in Dairy Technology after 10+2 level with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. These courses are of four-year duration. Admission is through an All India Entrance Examination conducted for selection to courses in Veterinary Sciences, Dairy Technology and Agricultural Sciences.
Alternatively, you could even do your Engineering in Agriculture or an MTech specialising in any of the following: Diary Microbiology, Dairy Chemistry, Dairy Technology, Dairy Engineering, Animal Genetics and Breeding, Livestock Production and Management, Animal Nutrition, Animal Physiology, Biochemistry, Dairy Economics, Dairy Extension Education, Animal Biotechnology and allied fields.
The Master's course is also open to graduates in pure sciences, agriculture, veterinary science, animal sciences, food technology, engineering and home science. Training courses in poultry farming include practical aspects such as conducting analytical and diagnostic tests related to animal feed and disease control.
There are basic courses meant for people who are new to the concept of poultry farming. Then there are courses that are aimed at updating existing skills to help keep abreast with new advancements in technology. Besides comprehensive courses on poultry farming, there are basic and refresher courses as well.
Trainees and shift officers in this field generally receive a stipend of Rs 10000 per month. The officers on confirmation can expect a salary of Rs 15000-18000 per month depending on the organisation.
The remuneration increases proportionately as one rises higher in the organisation. A General Manager would easily receive a salary of Rs 20000 and upwards a month. Mind you, it is a long and arduous journey to the top.
Entrepreneurs on the other hand reap the maximum benefits. You could almost be earning 10 times as much.