Police Officer Career Information
What a Police Officer does
One thing's for sure: As a police officer you will never be short of excitement or adventure. Each day is different. The job profile of a Police Officer is rewarding, challenging, and very unpredictable. As a police officer, you can be sitting at your desk one moment, then a bank robbery occurs and you leap into action.
A police officer's basic tasks are keeping public order and protecting lives and property. This covers investigating crimes, patrolling streets, regulating traffic, etc. As a police officer, you will also be called to help in times of natural calamity like floods, cyclone, aircraft, rail accidents, etc. Let's go into the specifics of your job profile:
Maintenance of law and order This is the core function of a police officer. You are responsible for maintaining law and order in your area. Basically as a police officer, you will keep the peace during crises such as riots, bandhs, etc.
Controlling Crime This is also one of the most important tasks of a police officer. Looking at the crime rate it seems the police force has had their hands full. As a police officer, you have to tackle the crimes in your area through law enforcement. Apart from that you have to investigate various crimes. You have to make sure that criminals never go scot-free and that they are punished.
Traffic Officers You will mainly monitor traffic movement on streets and ensure that the traffic flows smoothly. Traffic officers prevent the violation of applied regulation and enforce traffic laws.
Detective Services This is the most challenging part and perhaps the most dangerous as well. As a detective, you will investigate crimes, by visiting the scene of crime, retrieving fingerprints, photographing, speaking to witnesses, and tracing the criminal. As a detective, youwill work hand in hand with the forensic department for testing evidence.
Of course you will work in the police department of the state. You will join as a trainee and attend the police training colleges to get intensive training in police rules, criminal law, local and special acts, as well as dealing with emergencies such as riots, fires and accidents.
This will keep you busy for the first 12 months. Outdoor training includes activities such as physical training, drill, parade, riot control, cane drill, unarmed combat, obstacle course, musketry, rifle and revolver shooting, driving motor vehicles and study of elementary motor mechanisms.
After all that training you will be posted at a police station. You could start as an assistant sub-inspector and rise to the post of an inspector. In this field, promotions depend on experience and dedication to the job.
Agreed, money is one of the biggest motivators. But if that's what you are looking at then you are looking at the wrong profession. But if you are one of those who finds great satisfaction out of serving the country and upholding the law, then your prospects are good.
There are many law enforcement tasks that the police leave to civilian personnel. Psychologists, chemists, biologists, photographers, and many other specialists can find employment with larger police departments. Although none of these specialties is essential to police work all the time, in some situations, expertise can be the key to cracking a case.
Since police officers can and often do retire at an early age, many former police officers find good work providing private security for corporations or individuals.
Abilities & Traits Required
As a police officer you must be alert for any type of threat, human or otherwise. Once a crime has been committed, you will seize the reigns and engage in sleuthing that ranges from routine questioning to DNA analysis. As is evident this is not a nine to five job.
Because of the responsibilities and prerogatives that come with police work, the pressure on officers can be enormous. As a police officer, you're called upon to do everything. As a police officer you need to be a social worker, a psychologist, an officer of the peace and a soldier. Being the first line of defense between criminals and their victims can be very stressful.
Police officers are expected to be in good physical shape. A candidate's insufficient height, weight, strength, or vision can lead to disqualification.
Entry into Police Force: If you are 18 years-old and not too keen on education you can straight away become a constable. That is only if you have passed your SSC. Of course you have to clear all the physical requirements of a certain height-weight ratio.
To be eligible for the post of assistant sub-inspectors and sub-inspectors you need a degree in any discipline and you should be between the age group of 20-25 years. There are certain concessions for women candidates when it comes to physical requirements. Rest of the parameters remains the same.
Fifty per cent of the vacancies are filled in by direct recruitment and the other half is filled in by promotions from the chief constable level. Woman officers are recruited directly to the rank of sub-inspector and assistant sub-inspectors of police.
In case of non-gazetted officers in the police service, recruitment of officers up to the rank of sub-inspectors, are carried out by the state governments, through selection tests and interviews.
The state public services commission, on the basis of combined service examinations and then followed by interviews by the selection board, fill posts of gazetted officers.
IPS officers selected by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) are assigned to respective state cadres as assistant superintendents of police and at higher posts.
The pay scales for the police force are not very glamorous but enough to make ends meet. The general scales excluding additional allowances and perks approximately are:
• Director: Rs.80000
• Special Director: Rs. 60000 -75000
• DIG ( Deputy Inspector General ): Rs. 37000 - 67000
• Deputy Supdt. of Police: Rs.15000- 36000
• Assistant sub-inspector: Rs 15000 - 25000
• Sub-inspector: Rs 15000 - 25000
• Inspector: Rs 20000 - 40000
• Head Constable: Rs. 12000 - 15000
• Constable: Rs. 10000 - 13000
Additional perks include living quarters and a vehicle.